Sedative/hypnotic dependence | Lorijen Hospital

Sedative/hypnotic dependence

Sedative/hypnotic dependence

Addiction to medication, supplements and pills in general became more frequent over the course of past few years.

A difference should be made between sedative/hypnotic dependence and sedative/hypnotic abuse.

Sedative/hypnotic dependence occurs when a person uses psychotropic substances (benzodiazepines, sedatives, barbiturates, sleep inducing medication, psychostimulants, etc.), while sedative hypnotic abuse is characterized by the strong need to use medication for the purpose of avoiding withdrawal syndrome or psychological problems caused by abstinence.

Most used sedatives

that are not advised to be taken without professional supervision:

Bromazepam

Diazepam

Bensedine

Lorazepam

Ksalol

The reasons for using these substances at the beginning are usually benign – insomnia, mild pains, work related problems, romantic troubles, anxiety.

The body quickly gets used to their presence and use.

What all these medications have in common is that they also influence the psyche, apart from their initial purpose: they are meant to relax and/or relieve pain. For that reason the user often continues to use the drug even when the real problem, one for which the sedative-hypnotics was prescribed, is cured. After some time, the body develops certain tolerance to the drug.

Higher doses are needed to achieve the same effect as before at which point sedative-hypnotics become a narcotic.

Physical and psychological dependence develops very easily, only after a few weeks. Having in mind that sedative-psychotics cause very severe forms of withdrawal syndrome, the process of “getting the patient off the medication” is much more difficult.

How to recognize addiction to sedative-psychotics?

After addiction develops there are several typical symptoms of which only few may occur:

use of medication in spite of knowing about harmful side effects,

irresistible need to take the sedative-hypnotics,

increase in dosage to achieve the initial effect,

occurrence of withdrawal syndrome in case of discontinuation of use or dosage reduction,

loss of control and restraint

Lekovi - Lorijen Center

How to treat sedative-hypnotics addiction?

Treatment of sedative-hypnotics addicts includes stopping the use through gradual reduction of dosage. The duration of this phase depends on the initial prescribed daily dosage.

First phase is usually administered in clinical conditions on the premises of Lorijen Addiction center..

Clinical detoxification is meant for patients that are prone to withdrawal, have a serious and/or complicated withdrawal and that require medical care. For patients with an average severity of withdrawal, ambulantory care is possible, with an associate in treatment and appropriate accommodation, so they may be admitted to hospital on a daily basis.

Read more about treatment phase – hospital or ambulantory detoxification, as well as about different methods of detoxification.

After the initial patient evaluation and first week follow up, to assure the success of the treatment, it is advised to continue the treatment according to the steps of SMART RECOVERY program.

References:

Đukanović B., Knežević Tasić J., “Bihevioralne zavisnosti u Srbiji”, Izdavačka knjižernica Zorana Stojanovića, Sremski Karlovci, 2015.

For more information or if you think that you or your loved one is in need of help

contact us or call: +(381) 11 30 88 090   or   +(381) 69 30 88 090

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Services prefered by patients

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SMART RECOVERY Program


We apply an holistic approach to treating addiction, meaning that we guide the patient through all stages of the treatment, in a single facility.

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I phaseDETOX


This is the first step in the course of treatment - treating physical dependence

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Methods of detoxification


Detoification in clinical conditions includes several different treatment programs and protocols for all types of addcition

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II phaseLIFESTYLE CHANGES


Lifestyle changes program is based on adoption of healthy habits and methods of withdrawal prevention. The program provides patients with psychological support...

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